An essential oil is distilled from the berries and leaves and used in soap, perfumes and aromatherapy. Allspice is also used in traditional medicine to treat digestive disorders and as a remedy for corns, neuralgia and rheumatism.
The oil has antioxidant, bactericidal and fungicidal activity, and is a stimulant and purgative. The wood is used for making walking sticks and umbrella handles.
Aniseed has a delicious sweet liquorice-like flavour and is a commonly used and very safe herbal remedy that is well suited for all age groups from children to the elderly. It is a particularly useful tonic to the whole digestive system and its antispasmodic and expectorant effects make it of value in the treatment of various respiratory problems.
The seed is the part used, generally in the form of an extracted essential oil. The essential oil comprises 70 - 90% anethole, which has an observed oestrogenic effect whilst the seed is also mildly oestrogenic.
Aids in digestion and respiration, increases concentration; muscle relaxant; clarifying, head clearing, refreshing, soothing, stimulating, uplifting.
Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, relaxing, soothing
The fresh, uplifting scent of bergamot essential oil is used to stabilize the emotions, calm and tone the nervous system, relieve tension and insomnia, and is beneficial for anxiety and depression.
Bergamot essential oil is very useful as an anti-infectious agent and is effective against a wide number of microorganisms. Bergamot essential oil has been used in traditional medicine for intestinal worms and fever, respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, and skin problems.
Antiseptic, astringent, calming, harmonizing, sedating, soothing, strengthening, toning
German chamomile is used for intestinal gas, travel sickness, stuffy nose, hay fever, nervous diarrhea, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), fibromyalgia, restlessness, and trouble sleeping. It is also used for digestive system disorders, stomach ulcers, colic, and menstrual cramps.
In manufacturing, German chamomile is used in cosmetics, soaps, and mouthwashes.
Cinnamon bark is widely used as a spice, but also has different medicinal properties. It is considered to be astringent, antiseptic, carminative and stimulant. It was traditionally used as a remedy against colds, diarrhea and various problems of the digestive system.
Cinnamon essential oil has significant antioxidant and antimicrobial properties as well.
Sage has a very long history of effective medicinal use and is an important domestic herbal remedy for disorders of the digestive system. The whole herb is antihydrotic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, cholagogue, galactofuge, stimulant, tonic and vasodilator. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy.
Toothache. Clove oil and eugenol, one of the chemicals it contains, have long been used topically for toothache, but the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has reclassified eugenol, downgrading its effectiveness rating. The FDA now believes there isn't enough evidence to rate eugenol as effective for toothache pain.
Aids in circulation and respiration; astringent, cooling, refreshing, relaxing, stimulating
Eucalyptus leaves are a traditional Aboriginal herbal remedy. The essential oil found in the leaves is a powerful antiseptic and is used all over the world for relieving coughs and colds, sore throats and other infections. The essential oil is a common ingredient in many over-the-counter cold remedies. The essential oil obtained from various species of eucalyptus is a very powerful antiseptic, especially when it is old, because ozone is formed in it on exposure to air.
Aids in digestion; carminativeThe seed yields up to 5% of an essential oil. This is used medicinally, as a food flavouring, in toothpastes, soaps, perfumery, air fresheners etc. The flavour of fennel oil depends upon its two main constituents. 'Fenchone' is a bitter tasting element whilst 'anethole' has a sweet anise-like flavour.
An oleo-resin is obtained from blister-like swellings in the bark. It is harvested in the summer and used fresh, dried or distilled for oil. The resin extracted from it is used in perfumery, medicine and for caulking ships. Resin is tapped from trees about 60 - 80 years old in the spring and used for the distillation of oil. An essential oil obtained from the leaves is used as a disinfectant and also in medicine and perfumery.
Studies show that boswellia may reduce inflammation and may be useful in treating: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), asthma, inflammatory bowel disease
Besides being an effective anti-inflammatory, boswellia can be an effective painkiller and may prevent the loss of cartilage. Some studies have found that it may even be useful in treating certain cancers, such as leukemia and breast cancer.